FHA Multifamily Loan Limits for 2023 | How To Buy The Most Home

One of the most powerful features of FHA multifamily homebuying is that you have access to higher loan limits than are available for 1-unit, or single-family, homes

Loan limits, believe it or not, can exceed $2 million. 

Here’s how to leverage increased FHA multifamily loan limits.

Get an FHA multifamily rate quote. Start here.

FHA loan limits for a duplex, triplex, and fourplex 2023

Your maximum eligible FHA loan amount depends on the property’s unit count and location. For comparison, the tables below also include 1-unit limits.

FHA multifamily low-cost area loan limits 2023

FHA 1 UnitFHA 2 UnitFHA 3 UnitFHA 4 Unit

FHA multifamily high-cost area loan limits 2023

FHA 1 UnitFHA 2 UnitFHA 3 UnitFHA 4 Unit

FHA multifamily Special Exception area loan limits 2023

The following limits apply in Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. It’s hard to imagine that you could get a $3 million FHA loan, but it is possible in these areas.

FHA 1 UnitFHA 2 UnitFHA 3 UnitFHA 4 Unit

FHA multifamily “in-between” loan limits

Many areas have loan limits somewhere between low and high-cost limits.

FHA 1 UnitFHA 2 UnitFHA 3 UnitFHA 4 Unit

Some examples are:

  • Seattle 2-unit: $1,252,400
  • Atlanta 2-unit: $758,200
  • Santa Fe, New Mexico 3-unit: $779,450
  • Wenatchee, Washington 3-unit: $783,000
  • Salt Lake City, Utah 4-unit: $1,192,050
  • San Antonio, Texas 4-unit: $1,008,450

When you find a property, it’s best to look up your specific limit based on location and unit count at HUD.gov

Check your FHA multifamily buying eligibility.

Your personal maximum loan limit

Keep in mind that your “real” limit is what you can qualify for. It can never be more than area limits, but it can be much less. For instance, you would need to make enough money to support a $2 million loan limit in California, which would come with a payment of around $15,000 per month. 

Your personal income and future rental income would have to support that large payment.

You can enter a scenario and check your debt-to-income levels with this FHA multifamily calculator.

FHA loan limits are on the loan, not on home price

Loan limits are on the loan amount, not on the home price. You always have the option to put more down to get the loan amount within limits.

For example, you could put $100,000 down on a $600,000 triplex to meet a local limit of $500,000.

How are FHA loan limits established?

FHA limits use Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac conforming limits as a baseline. Conforming limits come from the Federal Housing Finance Agency House Price Index. In 2023, home prices from the 3rd quarter of 2022 were compared with prices in the third quarter of 2021. The index increased about 12.2%. In turn, 2023 loan limits were raised by about 12.2% in 2023.

Then, HUD establishes FHA loan limits based on the conforming loan limits. 

  • Low-cost areas = 65% of 1-unit conforming loan limits
  • High-cost areas = 150% of 1-unit conforming loan limits

Currently, the national conforming loan limit is $726,200.

  • $726,200 X 0.65 = $472,030 (FHA 1-unit low-cost limit)
  • $726,200 x 1.50 = $1,089,300 (FHA 1-unit high-cost limit)

Conforming multifamily loan limits are established via a complex methodology based on the 1-unit limit (which you can read about here.). As you might guess, FHA then bases its multifamily limits on 65% of the 2-, 3-, and 4-unit conforming limits.

UnitsConforming limitMultiplierFHA low-cost limit

In short, all FHA loan limits are based on conforming loan limits, although there’s no single formula for all areas of the country. Your best bet is to look up FHA-specific limits for your area.

How to qualify for maximum FHA multifamily loan limits

Most buyers will naturally be well within FHA loan limits since they are quite high for most areas.

However, you might find the perfect property that is outside local limits.

For example, you’re looking for a duplex in Dallas, Texas where the local 2-unit loan limit is $680,150. The duplex is $750,000. Here are some options.

Make a larger down payment: The minimum down payment for FHA is 3.5%. However, you can always put more down. Put enough down to bring your loan amount within range.

Try a conventional loan: Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac conforming loans offer higher limits (FHA limits are typically 65% of conforming limits). The standard loan amount for a duplex is $929,850 versus $604,400 for FHA. You’ll need to put down at least 15% for conventional.

Use future rental income: Sometimes you can’t qualify for the local FHA limit. Fortunately, FHA allows you to use future market rent to qualify. Use all available rents to reduce your debt-to-income ratio. Here’s how.

Apply for down payment assistance: There are down payment assistance programs in just about every corner of the U.S. Look for local government-sponsored grants and loans to help you increase your down payment and bring the loan within limits.

Start your multifamily home purchase

Buying a multi-family home with FHA can be a rewarding experience, as you experience property management and have tenants help pay the mortgage.

You might even pay less each month owning a multifamily versus a single-family.

And generous FHA loan limits help you do it.

Start your FHA multifamily home purchase.


  • Tim Lucas

    Tim Lucas spent 11 years in the mortgage industry helping everyone from first-time buyers to experienced investors. He purchased his first home at 26 with just $1,100 out-of-pocket and now owns real estate worth $2.4 million. Tim was the managing editor at national websites TheMortgageReports.com and MyMortgageInsider.com and has been featured in publications such as Time, U.S. News, MSN, and more. Connect with Tim on LinkedIn, Twitter, and TikTok.

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